Khanty- Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra is export- oriented region, and in the total foreign trade turnover, the export amount is 95.8 %, the share of imports - 4.2%. Exported goods are mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation, bituminous substances, mineral waxes, wood, and charcoal. The crude oil is 99.4 % of total exports. Imports of goods and services in the region over the last year decreased by 25.5%. Ugra imports: aircrafts, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances, spare parts, ferrous metal products; electrical machinery and equipment. The external trade and attraction of foreign investments are the main areas in the development of foreign-trade activity. The foreign trade turnover of Autonomous Okrug made 22 487 million US dollars in 2012. To the far-abroad countries went 99.7% of total volume of Okrug turnover, and 0.3% to the CIS
The external trade and attraction of foreign investments are the main areas in the development of foreign-trade activity. The foreign trade turnover of Autonomous Okrug made 22 487 million US dollars in 2012. To the far-abroad countries went 99.7% of total volume of Okrug turnover, and 0.3% to the CIS.
EXPORT POTENTIAL OF AUTONOMOUS OKRUG SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTREPRENEURSHIP AT A GLANCE:
TIMBER INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES
Timber processing and lumber production
Now days over 50 companies of timber processing complex (TPC) operate on the territory of Okrug. Products of Autonomous Okrug TPC companies have a big export potential. Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous Okrug – Ugra takes the 5th place among Russian region`s in the total amount of timber resources (3280.0 million cub.m, 2013, www.ria.ru).
AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES
Gathering, processing, storing and sale of wild crops
More than 60 000 tons of berries (cranberry – 19 500 tons, bilberry- 10 600 tones, lingonberry - 32 100 tons) and about 40 000 tons of mushrooms annually grow on the territory of Okrug. Also about 70% of potential pine nuts yield of Ural Federal Okrug (2111.4 tons) are on the territory of Okrug. Presently, over 40 enterprises of Okrug gather and process wild crops. The Asian and European markets are the priority directions in the development of wild crops trade cooperation. Natural products with useful content are in high demand in these regions.
PRODUCTION OF MEAT AND PRODUCTS OF HUNTING
Fishing, processing and sale of fish
Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous Okrug is the region with abundant reserves of natural resources. River basins of Okrug are inhabited by 29 fish species of 9 kinds, 18 of which have a commercial value. Over 140 enterprises keep fish trades: 43 national communities; 47 individual entrepreneurs; 35 Limited liability companies; 3 Open joint stock companies; 3 Closed Joint stock companies; 4 social organizations of hunters and fisherman; 5 agricultural enterprises and cooperatives; 2 state and municipal enterprises. Harvest of valuable species of fish is also organized in national ancestral communities.
TOURISM INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES
Development of inbound and ethno-tourism. Hunting and Fishing
Khanty-Mansiysk is the centre of the event and business tourism, the Okrug’s capital is the main part of the international and national business, scientific, cultural and sport activities. These are the World and Russian Biathlon Championships, International Debut Film Festival “Spirit of Fire”, International Ecological Action “To save and preserve”, Chess World Cup and stage of Russian Chess Cup, World Chess championship, World congress of Finno-Ugric people. There are about 20 tour operators on the territory of Okrug, which are specialized in inbound tourism. About 16 000 of foreign tourists visited Autonomous Okrug in 2012; most of them were from Germany, Spain, Italy, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Sweden.
ENTERPRISES OF TRADITIONAL MANAGEMENT OF INDIGENOUS MINORITIES OF THE NORTH AND PRODUCTION OF SOUVENIRS
National crafts of Khanty and Mansi and Ugra souvenirs
Ugra is the territory of residence of indigenous minorities of the North – Khanty and Mansi. Souvenir production of these people already is in high demand beyond the territory of Russian Federation. There are more than 30 business entities on the territory of Okrug engaged in traditional crafts: bone carving, making of national clothes, footwear and ornaments, etc.
ENTERPRISES OF INNOVATIONS SPHERE
The rapid development of Fuel and Energy Complex on the territory of Okrug and the presence of world major oil-and-gas producing companies led to the formation of large research cluster. Presently over 90 innovation projects are in development in Autonomous institution of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra «High Technology Park» (Khanty-Mansiysk) in the spheres: building, oil production, IT-technologies, housing and communal services, energy saving, waste management, printing industry, instrument engineering, medicine, public health, production of building materials. Residents of TechnoPark have business contracts with partners from USA, Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Finland and etc.